Computer Assisted Cognitive Rehabilitation improves cognitive control, which is necessary to achieve a more stable and significant reduction of psychiatric symptoms. In the event of an injury to the brain, a loss of certain key functions can occur. With those individuals affected by alcohol and substance disorders (ADO), the main injury is the loss of important connections between different parts of the brain. Subsequently this leads to malfunctioning known by professionals as hypofrontality. In everyday life, hypofrontality manifests itself in decreased executive skills, such as lacking pro-social behavior, fractured memory, decreased reasoning skills and inability to plan and carry out set activities.
Dedicated use and completion of the computer generated problems and exercises, provided through Cognitive Rehabilitation, lessens the probability for relapse and decompensation. How? Well, in patients suffering from ADO, there exist particular disconnections between the prefrontal/frontal cortexes and other areas of the brain. The computer assisted therapy works to reinforce or rebuild the bridge between those disconnects, restoring either full or partial use of its capacities. An added bonus of computer assisted therapy is the ‘exercising’ of the brain, which strengthens the client’s executive skills in general.
In all, the overall benefit of Computer Assisted Cognitive Rehabilitation is the creation of coping mechanisms to deal with strong, habitual responses or temptations. Participation in this therapy reassures the client of their own strength and role in bringing about positive change. Self determination and regaining of self-control are crucial to any client if they desire to build a more healthy and peaceful life.